Train Travel and Your Rights
Travelling by train can be an easy way of handing over the hassle of getting from A to B – but what are your rights when it comes to letting the train take the strain?
The rail system can seem complicated to navigate – there are currently 30 private companies providing UK rail services. Your rights with train travel are broadly the same across all companies though.
Train Travel – Buying a TicketYou can buy tickets for train travel in advance online, and you will often find good deals if you are able to book your tickets in advance. There are two main websites available that let you compare train times, journeys and prices – and let you look at options for single journeys as well as return tickets. If you can be flexible with times and dates you’re likely to be able to pick up a better deal.
National Rail: http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/
The Trainline: http://www.thetrainline.com/
If you want to travel on a train, you must buy a ticket before you board the train unless:
- there is no possibility of buying a ticket at the station of departure
- there is a notice specifically saying that you can buy a ticket on the train.
Otherwise you should always buy a ticket before you get on the train- even if the ticket machines are out of order and the queues are terrible. Some stations will let you buy a Permit to Travel if you’re in a hurry and about to miss a train, which will cost you anything up to the value of your ticket.
A Permit to Travel is valid for a set amount of time for specific train travel – for example two hours – and when you are approached by the train staff or you reach your destination station you can exchange the permit for a ticket and pay the difference in fare. In some case you don’t have to pay for Permit to Travel but just exchange it for the ticket as soon as you can.
Don’t board the train without any kind of valid ticket - you could have to pay penalty fare. These penalty fares can be expensive! In some cases, if the train staff believe you are deliberately fare dodging, you could even be prosecuted. If you have a railcard, you should show it when you buy your ticket, either on the train or beforehand.
If you intend to travel further than the destination on your ticket, buy another ticket before you get on the train. You could end up with a penalty fare if you’re caught out, and again in some cases prosecuted.
Your Consumer Rights with Train TravelEvery operating company has its own Passenger Charter which sets out the commitments it makes to its customers.
Your Rights If Your Train is Delayed or CancelledIf your train is cancelled or delayed and you decide against train travel after all, you should take your ticket back to the ticket office you bought it from and ask for a refund of the cost of your train travel. If you bought tickets online, or from another station to the one you are travelling from, you are just as entitled to a refund but you might not get it on the spot. Don’t accept any administration charges, there should be no fees.
If your train is delayed for more than an hour you could be entitled to compensation, although this is usually in the form of travel vouchers. Some train companies also offer compensation if you have been delayed for less than an hour. The proviso is that the delay has to be ‘within the company’s control’ so if the train breaks down you are entitled – but if there’s an accident on a railway line, you probably won’t be. You’ll need to check this with the rail company concerned.
If you find yourself stranded at a station due to a train delay or cancellation – again if it’s something within the company’s control – you’re entitled to assistance from the train company. This could be alternative transport such as a taxi to your destination or overnight accommodation.
What if Something Happens to My Luggage?Legally, when it comes to train travel you are responsible for your own luggage, and train companies will reject liability for any lost or damaged luggage on their trains - unless the damage or loss was expressly caused by the neglect of the company or its staff.
Rail Travel – Where to Go For AdviceThere is an organisation called Passenger Focus (which was previously known as the Rail Passenger Council) and this is an independent public body set up protect the interests of rail passengers.
It provides practical advice and will often assist passengers with: